Can an employer change your job description south africa


Can an employer change your job description south africa

In South Africa, an employer generally has the right to change an employee’s job description, but there are certain limitations and considerations. According to the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, any changes to an employee’s terms and conditions of employment, including job description, must be agreed upon by both parties. If an employer wishes to make significant changes to an employee’s job description, it is advisable to consult with the employee and obtain their consent. However, if the changes are minor and do not substantially affect the employee’s rights or duties, the employer may have more flexibility in making adjustments. It is important for both employers and employees to understand their rights and obligations in such situations and seek legal advice if necessary.

Can an employer change your job description south africa

When an employer decides to modify the terms and conditions of employment without consulting the employee, the employee is entitled to initiate a labor dispute at the CCMA (Commission for Conciliation, Mediation, and Arbitration) in order to reinstate the original state of affairs.

What is the main responsibility of CCMA?

The Commission for Conciliation, Mediation, and Arbitration (CCMA) is an institution established under the Labour Relations Act of 1995. Its main objective is to promote social justice and fairness in the workplace by providing dispute resolution services, education and training, and efficient administration.

The CCMA has several compulsory statutory functions, including conciliating workplace disputes, arbitrating certain unresolved disputes, establishing picketing rules, facilitating the establishment of workplace forums and statutory councils, and compiling and publishing information and statistics about its activities. It also accredits and considers applications for subsidy by bargaining councils and private agencies, and provides support for the Essential Services Committee.

For more information about the CCMA, you can visit their website at

Can I be fired without warning South Africa?

Employment relationships are formed when employees provide services to employers in exchange for compensation, typically money. The terms and conditions of this relationship are usually outlined in an employment contract. However, it is important to understand the legal implications surrounding dismissals and the rights of both employers and employees.

Under the Labour Relations Act (LRA), employees are protected from unfair dismissal. This means that employers cannot simply terminate an employee’s contract without proper justification and following fair procedures. Instead of arbitrary dismissals, employers must provide valid reasons for their decision and conduct a fair and impartial disciplinary hearing.

There are generally three grounds for dismissal: misconduct, incapacity, and operational requirements. Misconduct refers to any behavior or actions by an employee that violate company policies or standards. Incapacity refers to an employee’s inability to perform their job duties due to factors such as illness or injury. Operational requirements refer to situations where the employer needs to downsize or restructure the company, resulting in the need to terminate certain positions.

In conclusion, the law requires employers to adhere to fair procedures and provide valid justifications for dismissing employees. This ensures that employees are protected from unfair treatment and that their rights are upheld in the employment relationship.

What is Section 41 of the LRA?

What is Section 41 of the LRA?
Retrenchment is a form of dismissal that occurs when an employer needs to downsize due to economic, technological, structural, or similar reasons, rather than due to the employee’s conduct or performance. In such cases, it is only fair for the employer to compensate the employee for the loss of employment.

Severance pay serves as temporary financial assistance for retrenched employees while they search for new employment opportunities. The amount of severance pay is determined based on the employee’s rate of remuneration and length of service.

According to Section 41 of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 (BCEA), employers are required to pay a minimum amount of severance pay, which is equivalent to one week’s remuneration for each completed year of continuous service. However, it is possible for employers to agree to increase this amount to two or three weeks of severance pay. Such agreements are often found in collective agreements, employment contracts, or can be negotiated between the parties involved during the retrenchment consultation process.

Can you take your employer to CCMA?

Can you take your employer to CCMA?
If you are involved in a dispute with your employer or vice versa, such as dismissal, wages and working conditions, workplace changes, or discrimination, you have the option to seek assistance from the Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA). The CCMA can help mediate or even arbitrate your dispute, and this action can be initiated by a union or employers organization without the need for the other party’s consent.

However, there are certain disputes that cannot be referred to the CCMA. These include cases involving independent contractors, issues that are not covered by the Labour Relations Act or Employment Equity Act (EEA), and disputes that fall under the jurisdiction of a bargaining council or statutory council for that particular sector. Additionally, if there is a private agreement in place for resolving disputes, such as private arbitration, the CCMA may not be applicable.

To learn more about referring a dispute to the CCMA, you can visit their website or contact them directly through their social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn) or email.

Who qualifies for severance pay in SA?


According to the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, severance pay is provided to workers under certain circumstances. If a worker is dismissed due to the employer’s operational requirements or if their employment contract is terminated due to insolvency, they are entitled to severance pay. The rate of severance pay is one week of pay for each completed year of service.

It is important to note that the amount of severance pay can be increased through mutual agreement between the employer and the worker. This means that if both parties agree to a higher amount, it will override the minimum amount set by the BCEA.

However, it is crucial for workers to understand that if they unreasonably refuse an offer of alternative employment from their current employer or any other employer, they will not be entitled to severance pay. It is also important to note that receiving severance pay does not affect a worker’s rights to any other payable amount.

This information is sourced from Section 41 of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, which was last amended in 2018.


How can I reduce my income tax in South Africa?

How can I reduce my income tax in South Africa?
Tax filing season has begun in South Africa, and taxpayers have the opportunity to maximize their refunds from the South African Revenue Service (SARS). Tax consultants from Tax Consulting South Africa provide five ways for taxpayers to do so.

1. Medical credits: Taxpayers can claim deductions for their contributions to medical schemes. The more members or dependents on the scheme, the higher the credits. Additionally, taxpayers can claim for out-of-pocket medical expenses not covered by their schemes.

2. Retirement annuity: Contributions made towards a pension provident fund or retirement annuity are eligible for deductions on taxable income. However, deductions are limited and excess contributions are carried forward to the subsequent year.

3. Donations: Taxpayers can claim deductions against taxable income for donations made to public benefit organizations. The deduction is limited to 10% of taxable income before claiming the donations deduction.

4. Tax-free investments: Interest income earned from tax-free investments is fully exempt from tax. However, contributions to tax-free investments should not exceed certain limits, and excess contributions will be added to the taxpayer’s tax liability.

5. Foreign employment income exemption: Individuals working overseas for a 183-day term can claim tax deductions on income earned during that period. If more than 183 days are spent outside the country, with over 60 days being consecutive, the income earned for those days is tax exempt.

Additionally, taxpayers can claim deductions for work-related travel expenses if they can prove that a portion of their travel expenses is for work purposes. Keeping a logbook and obtaining approval from the employer is recommended.

These strategies can help taxpayers maximize their refunds from SARS while staying within the legal boundaries.

Can you fire an employee for talking bad about the company South Africa?

Can you fire an employee for talking bad about the company South Africa?
When an employee badmouths their employer on social media, it can have a significant impact on the company’s image and reputation. In today’s digital age, negative comments on platforms like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, and YouTube can cause major damage. So, what can employers do in such situations?

Under South African law, an employee who badmouths their employer, including managers or fellow employees, can be held liable for damage claims and even face dismissal. The employer-employee relationship is based on good faith, and there is no reason for the employer to keep an employee who harms the company’s image. Therefore, the employer has the right to dismiss the employee for making negative comments on social media.

However, it is important for employers to note that this does not apply if the employee is speaking the truth, regardless of how negatively it affects the company’s image. If an employee is dismissed for exposing the truth about the employer, they can turn the tables and claim damages from the employer. Therefore, before taking any action, the employer must ensure that they are in the right and not trying to cover up an inconvenient truth. Otherwise, they may end up paying for it.

Please note that the content provided here does not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. For legal advice or further information, please contact us at infolabourmancoza or 021 556 1075 to speak to one of our consultants.

What is the new employment law in South Africa?

The Employment Equity Act 2020 was signed into law on 12 April 2023. This amendment to the existing Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 aims to promote diversity and equality in the workplace. It applies to companies with more than 50 employees.

The new law has been assented to by the President on 6 April 2023, but it will only take effect on a date determined by the President and proclaimed in the Government Gazette. The Department of Employment and Labour previously announced that the amendments would take effect on 1 September 2023, but this is still subject to confirmation.

The goal of the new law is to transform the South African workforce by setting equity targets for economic sectors and geographic regions. Companies will be required to develop transformation plans to achieve these goals.

The main provisions of the Amendment Bill include authorizing the Minister of Labour and Employment to set employment equity targets for economic sectors and regions. Employers with over 50 employees must submit employment equity plans and annual reports to the Department of Labour and Employment. The bill also requires equal pay for equal work and allows workers to file complaints in case of discrimination. Companies doing business with the state will need to submit a certificate confirming their compliance with the Employment Equity Act and its goals, as well as ensuring they pay their employees at least the national minimum wage. Labour inspectors will be responsible for inspecting workplaces and issuing compliance orders.

Penalties for noncompliance with the new law include fines, but employers can justify noncompliance with numerical targets under certain circumstances. The National Employers Association of South Africa (Neasa) strongly disagrees with the bill, arguing that it imposes a race-based quota system on employers and fails to prioritize hiring the best person for the job.

One important difference between the old and new law is that now the Minister will determine targets for all designated employers within a specific sector, whereas under the old law, individual employers were responsible for setting targets based on the economically active population.

Is overtime compulsory in South Africa?

Labour laws regarding overtime working hours in South Africa, including compensation, pay policies, and salary laws, can be found in the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA). According to the BCEA, the maximum normal working time allowed is 45 hours per week, excluding a lunch break. This applies to employees working a five-day week. For employees working more than five days per week, the maximum normal working time is eight hours per day, excluding a lunch break.

It’s important to note that the actual amount of normal time worked can vary depending on the contractual agreement between the employer and employee. Some employers may have a 40-hour workweek or other variations.

Lunch breaks are unpaid and considered the employee’s own time. During this break, employees can engage in personal activities such as reading, shopping, or exercising. However, if an employee works a five-day week and has a one-hour lunch break daily, they will be at the workplace for a total of 50 hours per week (45 hours of normal working time plus five hours of lunch breaks). The lunch break should be provided after five hours of continuous working time. It’s worth mentioning that tea breaks do not count as a break in working time. The statutory lunch break is one hour, but it can be reduced to 30 minutes by agreement between the employee and employer.

For employees earning above a certain threshold amount, the normal amount of working hours per day or week can be negotiated with the employer. However, employees are not obligated to work more than 45 hours per week.

Overtime work is voluntary and can only be done by agreement between the employer and employee. The maximum permissible overtime is three hours in a day or 10 hours in a week. Overtime must be remunerated at 1.5 times the normal wage rate, except for Sunday work and work on public holidays, which must be remunerated at twice the normal wage rate. Alternatively, time off can be granted instead of payment, but only by agreement with the employee.

Employees earning above the threshold amount are not subject to the overtime provisions. This means that they cannot demand payment for overtime worked or demand paid time off in lieu of payment. However, employers also cannot force these employees to work overtime without compensation. Forced labor is prohibited, and if an employer requires an employee earning above the threshold to work overtime, the hours to be worked and the basis of compensation must be negotiated with the employee. If the employer refuses to compensate for overtime worked, the employee has the right to refuse to work the overtime.

Overtime hours are any hours worked in excess of the employee’s normal hours of work. For example, if an employee is contracted to work 45 hours per week as normal time, any hours worked beyond that will be considered overtime.

Employees have the right to refuse to work overtime on short notice, except in cases where the work must be done without delay due to unforeseen circumstances that the employer could not reasonably have made provisions for. In such cases, where the work cannot be performed during ordinary working hours, employees may be required to work overtime.

To learn more about your specific employment contract and whether you are eligible for overtime, it is recommended to review your contract and consult the relevant labour laws. Additionally, you can use tools such as the Salary Check tool and the Salary Questionnaire to assess your pay and learn about real wages.



In conclusion, the CCMA plays a crucial role in resolving labor disputes and ensuring fair treatment of employees in South Africa. Its main responsibility is to provide a platform for mediation and arbitration, helping parties reach a mutually beneficial resolution. However, if an agreement cannot be reached, the CCMA has the power to issue binding arbitration awards.

When it comes to termination of employment, South African law requires employers to provide a valid reason and follow a fair procedure. While there are instances where employees can be dismissed without warning, such as gross misconduct, it is generally not permissible to terminate employment without proper notice or a valid reason.

Reducing income tax in South Africa can be achieved through various legal means, such as taking advantage of tax deductions, contributing to retirement funds, or utilizing tax incentives offered by the government. It is important to consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance with the tax laws and maximize available deductions.

Talking negatively about a company can potentially lead to disciplinary action, including termination, in South Africa. Employers have the right to protect their reputation and maintain a positive work environment. However, it is essential for employers to follow fair procedures and provide employees with an opportunity to defend themselves before taking any disciplinary action.

The new employment law in South Africa, known as the National Minimum Wage Act, aims to address income inequality and improve the standard of living for workers. It sets a minimum wage that employers must adhere to, ensuring fair compensation for employees. The law also provides for the establishment of a National Minimum Wage Commission to review and adjust the minimum wage periodically.

Severance pay in South Africa is generally applicable to employees who have been employed for more than 12 months and are dismissed for operational reasons or due to the employer’s financial constraints. The amount of severance pay is determined based on the employee’s length of service and remuneration.

Overtime in South Africa is not compulsory, but it may be required in certain industries or job positions. Employers must comply with the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, which sets limits on the number of hours an employee can work and provides for overtime pay for work performed beyond the normal working hours.

Section 41 of the LRA provides protection against unfair discrimination in the workplace. It prohibits employers from treating employees unfairly based on their race, gender, age, disability, or any other protected characteristic. Employees who believe they have been unfairly discriminated against can lodge a complaint with the CCMA.

Employees who have a dispute with their employer can take their case to the CCMA for resolution. The CCMA provides a free and accessible platform for employees to seek justice and resolve disputes without resorting to costly litigation. However, it is important to note that not all disputes are within the jurisdiction of the CCMA, and some may need to be referred to other appropriate forums.

The duration of the CCMA process can vary depending on the complexity of the case and the availability of parties involved. While some cases may be resolved within a few weeks, others may take several months. It is advisable for parties to engage in good faith negotiations and cooperate with the CCMA to expedite the process and reach a fair resolution.

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