why are there still so many jobs


why are there still so many jobs

How many people are employed in China?

How many people are employed in China?
The graph illustrates the employment figures in China spanning from 2012 to 2022. In 2022, the total workforce in China stood at approximately 7.335 billion individuals. This marked a decline of 13 million people compared to the previous year. While demographic factors may have contributed to this decrease, it is highly likely that the impact of the coronavirus pandemic and a sluggish economic performance also played a significant role.

How many people are considered unemployed?

How many people are considered unemployed?
Learn about the composition of the labor force in this concise video. The video transcript for Macro Episode 18 Unemployment can be found here (link opens in a new window).

The labor force is not simply divided into employed and unemployed individuals. There is a third group known as those who are not working and not actively seeking employment. This group includes individuals who are retired, taking care of children, on a voluntary break before starting a new job, or simply not interested in having a job. It also includes those who want a job but have given up looking due to the discouragement of not finding suitable employment. Economists refer to this third group as “out of the labor force.”

A pie chart in Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of the adult population age 16 and older in terms of employment, unemployment, and being out of the labor force. In 2016, the total adult working-age population was 2.535 million. Out of this population, 1.514 million were employed, 0.77 million were unemployed, and the remaining 0.944 million were classified as out of the labor force. However, this chart does not provide the complete picture, as you will discover.

The US unemployment rate is determined through a monthly survey conducted by the US Bureau of the Census. This survey asks a series of questions to categorize the adult population as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force. To be classified as unemployed, a person must be without a job, actively looking for work, and available to work in the previous four weeks. Therefore, individuals who do not have a job but are not currently available to work or have not actively searched for work in the last four weeks are considered out of the labor force.

To summarize, the labor force consists of the employed and the unemployed, while those who are not working and not actively seeking employment are categorized as out of the labor force.

Which country has the best work life?

The OECD report on Work Life Balance ranks its 36 member countries based on their ability to balance work and daily living. Denmark was ranked as the number one country for work-life balance. The key indicators used in the report were the share of employees working long hours (50 hours or more per week), time devoted to leisure, and gender comparisons. Let’s take a closer look at the top five countries for work-life balance and the secrets to their success.

1. Denmark:
Denmark is the top country for work-life balance. According to the OECD, the amount of time a person spends at work is an important aspect of work-life balance. Long work hours can negatively impact personal health, safety, and increase stress levels. In Denmark, only 2% of employees work very long hours, which is one of the lowest rates in the OECD. This means that people in Denmark have more time to spend on other activities such as leisure, time with friends and family, and personal care. Full-time workers in Denmark devote 67% of their day, or 16.1 hours, to personal care and leisure activities. This is significantly higher than the OECD average of 15 hours.

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Denmark also provides extensive financial support to families with young children. Public spending on family benefits in Denmark amounts to just over 4% of GDP, compared to the OECD average of 2.6%. A significant portion of this spending is allocated to family services, including childcare. Additionally, Denmark has a standard working week of 37 hours, higher female employment rates, and better gender equality within the labor market. This has led to high levels of satisfaction with both working and personal lives among the Danish population.

2. Spain:
In Spain, workers have as much personal time as their Danish counterparts. However, a higher proportion of Spanish workers stay late at work. According to the OECD, Spanish workers devote 16.1 hours, or 67% of their day, to personal and leisure activities. However, 8% of workers still work very long hours. Spain also has one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe and a poor record of female employment. This indicates that Spaniards have not yet successfully combined work and family life to the extent of the Danes. Female rates of fertility in Spain have deteriorated over the past two decades, with only 1.3 children per woman, which is among the lowest in the OECD. While female employment has increased to 51%, it still falls short of the OECD average of 57.5%.

3. The Netherlands:
In the Netherlands, workers have no interest in working long hours. Only 0.5% of workers work very long hours, which is significantly lower than the OECD average of 1.3%. Surprisingly, this does not translate to more leisure time for Dutch workers. On average, they spend 15.4 hours a day on themselves and their families, ranking them 5th among member states. However, high levels of gender equality in the Netherlands mean that men and women share work responsibilities, and families are supported by generous state benefits. The Netherlands also boasts high literacy levels, low youth unemployment, and a 93% above-average life satisfaction among 11-15-year-olds. These factors contribute to the overall happiness and work-life balance in the country.

4. Belgium:
In Belgium, 5% of employees work very long hours, which is lower than the OECD average of 13%. However, more men in Belgium work very long hours compared to women. Belgian workers benefit from successful flexible working programs and a high level of personal time devoted to friends and family. The Belgian Federal Public Service Social Security has implemented unconventional ways of working, resulting in being named the best employer. Their objective is to find and retain talented individuals while making workers happy. This approach allows employees to have control over their own lives, focusing on results rather than when, where, and how they work. These policies have led to a reduction in office space, paper usage, and office furniture expenditure.

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5. Norway:
In Norway, 3% of employees work very long hours, which is significantly lower than the OECD average of 13%. Men in Norway work longer hours than women, with 4% of men working very long hours compared to 1% of women. Full-time workers in Norway devote 65% of their day, or 15.6 hours, to personal care and leisure activities, slightly above the OECD average of 15 hours. Norwegian men spend approximately 1.5 hours per day on personal care and leisure, while women spend 1.6 hours per day.

Other countries that made the top ten in the ranking include Sweden, Germany, the Russian Federation, Ireland, and Luxembourg. The United Kingdom was ranked 23rd, Canada 24th, the USA 29th, and Australia 30th. Turkey was ranked the worst, coming in at number 36, with the highest proportion of people working very long hours at close to 41%.

For more information, you can view the OECD’s Better Life Index for 2015 via this link: [insert link].< h2>How long are most people unemployed?

Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted


Less than 5 weeks

2,373 2,788 2,283 2,086 2,272 1,866 2,083 2,068 2,004

5 to 14 weeks

2,179 1,667 2,048 1,769 1,733 1,915 1,865 1,889 1,698

15 weeks and over

1,703 1,896 2,041 1,827 1,838 1,835 2,046 2,021 2,161

15 to 26 weeks

557 845 820 734 734 679 858 917 997

27 weeks and over

1,145 1,051 1,221 1,093 1,104 1,156 1,188 1,105 1,164

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

21.0 19.3 19.6 22.1 19.5 20.9 21.2 20.7 20.6

Median duration, in weeks

7.5 6.4 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.4 8.6 8.7 8.7


Less than 5 weeks

37.9 43.9 35.8 36.7 38.9 33.2 34.8 34.6 34.2

5 to 14 weeks

34.8 26.2 32.1 31.1 29.7 34.1 31.1 31.6 29.0

15 weeks and over

27.2 29.8 32.0 32.2 31.5 32.7 34.1 33.8 36.9

15 to 26 weeks

8.9 13.3 12.9 12.9 12.6 12.1 14.3 15.3 17.0

27 weeks and over

18.3 16.6 19.2 19.2 18.9 20.6 19.8 18.5 19.9

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed in table A-1 because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



In conclusion, the fear of running out of jobs may not be entirely unfounded, but it is unlikely to happen in the near future. The number of unemployed individuals varies from country to country, and while it is a significant concern, it does not necessarily mean that there will be a complete depletion of job opportunities. Governments and organizations can take proactive measures to address unemployment by investing in education and training programs, promoting entrepreneurship, and fostering innovation.

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China, being the most populous country in the world, has a vast workforce. With millions of people employed in various sectors, it is evident that there are ample job opportunities available. However, the rise of AI and automation poses a potential threat to job security. While AI has the potential to create new jobs, it also has the capability to replace certain roles. It is crucial for individuals to adapt and acquire new skills to remain relevant in the job market.

The decline of certain jobs is inevitable as technology advances. Occupations that are repetitive and can be easily automated are at a higher risk of becoming obsolete. However, this also opens up opportunities for individuals to explore new fields and industries that are in high demand. Engineers, for instance, may not be entirely replaced by AI, but their roles may evolve, requiring them to work alongside AI systems to enhance productivity and efficiency.

When it comes to work-life balance, different countries have different approaches. Some countries prioritize long working hours and high productivity, while others focus on employee well-being and quality of life. It is subjective to determine which country has the best work-life balance as it depends on individual preferences and cultural norms.

China’s aging population has indeed resulted in a decline in the workforce. With more than 40 million workers lost, the country faces challenges in sustaining economic growth and providing for its aging population. This highlights the need for policies and strategies to address the demographic shift and ensure a stable workforce.

The issue of underpaid jobs is a global concern. Many individuals work in jobs that do not provide fair compensation for their efforts. It is essential for governments and organizations to prioritize fair wages and ensure that workers are adequately rewarded for their contributions.

Determining the hardest job in the world is subjective and can vary depending on individual perspectives. However, jobs that involve high physical demands, extreme conditions, and high levels of stress are often considered among the most challenging.

The rarest job ever is difficult to define as it depends on various factors such as demand, skill requirements, and uniqueness. However, jobs that are highly specialized, niche, and require rare expertise can be considered as rare jobs.

In conclusion, the job market is constantly evolving, and while there may be concerns about job scarcity, it is crucial to adapt and acquire new skills to remain competitive. Governments, organizations, and individuals must work together to address unemployment, promote fair wages, and create opportunities for growth and development.

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